25 March 2008
Water crisis in Indonesia has become a burden to Indonesian People. Water has become a luxurious product which you have to pay to get it. This condition reflected from testimonies of urban people, such as Umi from Bekasi stated “In order to get clean water, I have to pay Rp1000,- up to Rp. 2000,- per bucket, that I usually use for cooking only. While I use salty water for taking a bath and washing”.
This condition caused ADB offered a project, called Integrated Citarum Water Resource Management (ICWRM). This project amounted USD1,7 million as a grant for the preparation stage, while the proposed loan itself amounted USD500million which supposed to be approved on September 2007. ICWRM is a 15-year program (starting from 2008) designed to address the multiple and inter-related concerns of water supply sustainability and water quality degradation within the Citarum (West Java, Indonesia) river basin. The basin covers 13,000 square kilometers and is home to more than 9 million people. It is considered one of the most strategically important for Indonesia—the basin supplies 80% of Jakarta’s water needs, provides irrigation for 240,000 ha, and generates 1,400 MW of electricity. Based on analysis done by the civil society toward ADB related documents (TAR INO37049-01, TAR INO37049-02, TAR INO37049-03), there are some findings:
- ADB claimed on the 3 times socialization which involving stakeholders. But there is no further clarification upon the reasons and criterias of involvement.
- There were no public notifications.
- This project is potentially threatening 11 protected areas within Citarum River Basin Area, and taking off the clean water resources for 17 million citizen in 2 provinces (Jakarta and West Java), including for the agricultural needs.
- Not all of documents are available for public’s scrutiny, such as Environmental Impact Assessment, and reports on the Technical Assistance 1, 2, and 3.
- There is no clarity on the output of the grant, which has brought the possibility on the corruption.
For those reasons, we urged that:
Water is a public goods, so that every process which is related to water management should be open to public.
Postpone the loan approval until the point number one is fulfilled.
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debtWATCH Indonesia, ELAW Indonesia, Perkumpulan Boemi, KruHA (People’s Coalition on Right to Water), KoAGE (Anti Globalization Community)
For your further information, please contact: Ratna Yunita